“Failure to Launch” is a 2006 film starring Matthew McConaughey and Sarah Jessica Parker which is forgettable in almost every way, bar two. First, McConaughey’s character has a stunning 1973 Porsche 911 2.4 which purists point out has been modified from the original, but for those who like such things, this film is worth watching for the car alone: there are, in truth, few other reasons to do so. The second is the title, which today perfectly captures the flattening mood around any chance of meaningful reform from the US Administration, and Congress. It evokes nothing so much as a balloon deflating.
No progress on repealing and replacing Obamacare
We have had, in short order, the failure to “repeal and replace” Obamacare, followed by the House of Representatives passing a bill that in its current form stands no chance of passing the Senate. This matters because it takes up legislative time that could be used elsewhere.
The Administration’s competence is in question
We have had two executive orders on immigration that have been both struck down by Federal courts. At best, this communicates that the Administration’s sincerity in effecting change promised on the campaign trail, and might reinforce voters’ beliefs in the need for change so clearly being obstructed. Unfortunately it also seems to have communicated that there are deep fissures within the Administration, and raises questions as to administrative competence.
Will the tax plan survive the rough ride ahead?
The tax plan, while bold, is not deficit-neutral and nor do its benefits seem to fall equally enough on a broad range of taxpayers do as to ensure easy passage.
Talking the talk but not walking the walk on renegotiation of trade?
The stance on trade renegotiation has retreated enormously from the stated positions during the elections and while it remains to be seen what comes of this, one possible conclusion is a perception of a lack of follow-through from position to action.
Is the Administration making foreign and defense policy on the hoof?
We may also be seeing the same thing with respect to foreign and defense policy, with the intervention in Syria both antagonizing supporters, and seeming not to form part of a broader change in policy.
Modest achievements so far
Against this, clearly there have been roll-backs of regulation, specifically as it relates to environmental protection, and an appointment in Justice Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court.
Current events are unhelpful
However, looking only at the pattern of implemented policies versus those that have stalled or which may never be implemented, this has been a challenging start for the Trump Administration. The firing of FBI head James Comey only adds to this. Leaving aside more lurid speculation, the appointment of his successor promises further to tie up the legislative agenda, and frustrate progress on healthcare reform, tax cuts, and infrastructure spending.
In light of this failure to launch, did markets get ahead of themselves?
This “failure to launch” has caused market participants to question giddy assessments following the election that saw 10 year US bond yields rise to as high as 2.60%:
Exhibit 1: The election of Donald Trump triggered a sharp rise in US Treasury 10-year bond yields as investors priced in a more reflationary environment (the graph shows changes in the yield of the 10-year US Treasury bond during the period from 01/06/16 through 17/05/17)
Initial, post-election assessements also saw credit spreads narrow from over 80bps to as low as 54 interpreted Donald Trump’s election as positive for risk assets. Equities have also managed to make new record highs since the election:
Exhibit 2: A strong rally in the S&P 500 Index since the election of Donald Trump (the graph shows changes in the S&P 500 index during the period between 01/06/16 and 17/05/17)
Source: Bloomberg, BNP Paribas Asset Management, as of 17/05/17
The analog of this exuberance has been the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) measure of equity options volatility falling to lows not seen for 20 years – as shown here, in exhibit 3:
Exhibit 3: The fall in expectations of volatility is supportive of risk assets (the graph shows changes in the Chicago Board Options Exchange SPX volatility index during period between 01/01/90 and 15/05/17)
Source: Bloomberg, BNP Paribas Asset Management, as of 15/05/17
Worse, recent data has not been supportive of the reflation theme. Inflation and gross domestic product (GDP) data have both been a little soft, and while reported consumer confidence remains strong, that has not fed through to retail sales.
So, if “Trumpflation” is a damp squib, should we also say goodbye to risk asset valuations at their current levels?
Perhaps. But it is worth considering that those same 10 year US Treasury yields are over 25bps lower now than they were in December. The US Dollar Index (DXY) is more than 4% weaker versus the currencies making up its basket. Both these factors are supportive of US risk assets.
There is more. US unemployment continues to fall, as does the U6 measure of under-employment. Europe continues to defy predictions of gloom and emerging markets are, on average, performing well.
It is undeniably the case that the frothiest expectations of what the incoming US Administration could implement are very unlikely to be achieved, and cannot be in anything like the time frame once thought possible even with control of all branches of Federal government. But we should be careful not to fall into the trap of assuming that this means a continuation of secular stagnation. The Federal Reserve is still raising rates. Other central banks continue to plan their withdrawal from policy accommodation. It may be worth reflecting on the view many had that pursuing pro-cyclical policies when the macroeconomic picture looked favorable was ill-advised. Can it also be bad when those policies are much less likely now to be implemented?
Written on 15 May 2017